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关于羊舞岭窑绘画符号表达的探究
来源:满堂彩_满堂彩登app下载|【官网】
来源:满堂彩_满堂彩登app下载|【官网】

  摘要: 满堂彩符号这个概念由来已久,最初在人类开始具备传递信息意识的时候,就开始有符号的雏形。符号学经过长时期的发展,在现代社会已逐渐与众多科学领域有所融合、交融,获得了更为协调、统一的发展。绘画符号顾名思义就是符号与绘画这一领域相交结合所产生、形成的产物。绘画符号与广义的符号学概念大有不同,它更加的精细、灵巧,它特指对绘画艺术中所存在的符号形式、应用方法的有效研究,把绘画符号作为一种视觉呈现以此来探究绘画艺术的发展。本文在绘画符号的概念上更进一步,探讨的是羊舞岭窑瓷板画所蕴含的绘画符号表达,它的着眼点更小、更具象。本文将重点探究绘画符号在羊舞岭窑陶瓷绘画中的释义和独特表达,从绘画符号谈起,对绘画符号在陶瓷艺术中的解析进行相应的分析,并在此基础上论述绘画符号在羊舞岭窑陶瓷绘画中的有效运用,希望能够探寻羊舞岭窑的现代发展之路。

  关键词: 羊舞岭窑;绘画符号;表达探究

  fuhaoshijiluxinxidezaiti,huihuafuhaozeshiyishujiachuandigexinglinian、dudaojianjie、ganzhishengmingdejiezhi,huihuafuhaodaibiaozheyishujiaduirenshiwanwudeganzhi、duiriyuexingchendegandong、duiwuhuanxingyidegankai,tashimeiyiweiyishujiadute、dudao、duyoude。jieshengjishishizuizaodeshenghuofuhao,xiangxingwenzikenengshihuihuafuhaozuizaodechuxing,“yingwuxiangxing”、“yiwuguanmantangcai”doushijijuzhongguochuantongtesedehuihuaguan。dangqian,taocihuihuayijingzuoweidulidegetijinrulezhongguoxiandaiyishudemenleizhizhong,tadefazhanshitouxunmengruhu、dongrutuotu,chuyuyigejisu、mengliedegaosuyunxingzhuangtaizhizhong。suizheshehuishengchanlishuipingdefazhan,kexuejishudejinbu,renmenduiyutaociyishudeshenmeiyishiyezaizhujiandisuxing、fusu。eryangwulingyaoshijijuzhongguotesedegumingyaozhi,tajishishuyuyiyangguchengbukeduodedewenhuacaifu,gengshishuyushijierenmindelishiwenhuayichan,jiaqiangduiyangwulingyaotaocihuihuadefuhaoyanjiu,juyoujiweizhongyaodexianshiyiyi。

  一、何为绘画符号

  fuhaobingbushidanchundetezhiyixiejuyoubiaoyigongnengdetuxing、tuan。zhanzaihongguandelichang,fuhaobaokuorenleizaishijue、tingjue、xiujue、chujue、weijuedengduofangmiandeganguanganshou。erbenwensuotanlundehuihuafuhao,jiushiyizhaorenleideshijueganshousuoxingchengdefuhaoyuansu。butongdehuihualiupai、butongdehuihuaxingshi、butongdehuihuafengge,huichanshengjiweixiangsihuoquanranxiangfandehuihuafuhao,butongdehuihuafuhaojuyoubutongdebiaoyi、zhidai、xiangzheng。

  keyishuorenheyifumeishuzuopinbenshenjiushigezhongbutonghuihuafuhaodeduidie、diejia,huihuafuhaoshihuihuabiaoxiandeyizhongzhongyaoxingshi。wulunshixieshizhuyi、chouxiangzhuyi,youhuozheshichaoxianshizhuyi,qizhonghuihuafuhaodeshiyong,doushiyishujiazishenqinggandebiaoda、shenghuodeganwu,shiduishengmingdesuojian、suoxiang。jisuidehaitongzaiweishizizhiqian,jiuhuixihuanzaibaizhishangluantuluanhua,zheizhonghaowuzhangfa、zaluanwuzhangdetuya,jiushizuiyuanshidehuihuafuhao,tadaibiaozhehaitongduiweizhishengmingdeganzhi,duishijianwanwudexiaxiang。guwangjinlaixuduodehuajiasuiranyouzhezhashidehuihuagongdi,youzhebusudehuihuachengji,danshirengranzhuiqiuzhenenggouhuachuhaitongbandetuhua,xiangyaotongguozuiweiqianglie、zhiguan、litidefuhaobiaoda,qucijiguanzhedeganjue,rangzijidexinzhongsuoxiang、yanzhongsuojian,nengguozhenshideshiyurenqian,yinfaguanzhedexiaxiang、gandong。

  yinciyanjiuyangwulingyaohuihuafuhaozaitaocihuihuazhongdeyouxiaoyunyong,jiushizaitanjiuyishujiadeguannian、lixiang、shiyihezhongfangshiyuguanzhechanshenggongming、chanshengmantangcaideyanjiu,taduixiandaitaocihuihuayishudefazhanyouzhejiweizhongyaodeyiyi。

  二、绘画符号在陶瓷艺术中的解析

  1、陶瓷绘画符号的稳定性

  youdetaocihuihuafuhaozairichangdejiaojiguochengzhonghuixingchengyuedingsucheng、xiangyanchengxidefengsuxiguan、minsuliyi。tayouzhezijideneibufazhanguilv,huizaiyidingdeshikonghuanjingneibaochixiangduidewendingxing、pinghengxing,buhuisuiyiniuzhuan、gaibian。taocihuihuafuhaodewendingxinghuibiaoxianzaihuihuafengge、huihuaxingshi、xiangzhengyiyi、shenmeifenggedengzhuduofangmian。liruzaihuihuaxingshifangmian,“long”shizhongguotaociyishushishang,jiweizhongyaodefuhaoxingshi,zaitaocihuihuashangdegouchengxingshiduozhongduoyang,youjulongtuteng、youxiaolongweirao,youdexingyuntuwu、youdeyinjiezangxing,longchengshibianhua,zitaiwanqian,zaiyuzhoujianfeiteng,zaibotaoneiqianfu。zaizhongguodetaocishishang“long”yizhishizhenlongtianzigudaijunwangdexiangzheng,yinciyizhizhinengyongyuyuyao,difangminyaozejuebunengshiyonggaizhongtuxing。zaizhongguolishidezhangqifazhanguochengzhong,“long”dexingshibiaodayizhidoucunzaiyidingdewendingxing,tayizhishihuangquanzunguidexiangzheng。

  2、陶瓷绘画符号的表意性

  taocihuihuayishutabujinshiduixianshishenghuodezaixian,gengduodeshiduimeihaoshenghuodeqiyuan。taocihuihuafuhaojuyouyidingdejieshi、chanminggongneng,jubeiduyoudebiaoyixing。biaoyixingdecunzai,rangtaocihuihuafuhaodeneihangengjiadefengman、baoman,tigaoletaocihuihuazuopindeyiqu、yiqu。youdetaocihuihuafuhaoshiyiyinxieyi,liruxiquehemeihuadezuhe,yiweixishangmeishao;zaozi、huasheng、guiyuan、guazidezuhe,yiweizaoshengguizi;huluyiweifulu。youdetaocihuihuafuhaoshiyiwudazhi,shiliu、foshou、taozidezuhe,yuyizheduozi、duofu、duoshou;yuanyangyuyizheaiqingdetianmi,“zhixianyuanyangbuxianxian”;mudanhuayuyizherenshounianfeng、fuguiyuanman;lianhuayuyudezuhe,yuyizheniannianyouyu。qinlaozhihuidezhongguorenmintongguozheixietaociyishudexiangzhengyiyi,laibiaodaneixinduimeihaoshiwudezhuiqiu、duiweizhishenghuodexiangwang。

  3、陶瓷绘画符号的多样性

满堂彩  taocihuihuafuhaodezuhexingshibushiyichengbubiande,tadezuhexingshi、zuheguanxishiduoyanghuade,tamenkeyiyizhaoyishujiatianmaxingkongdexiangfa、huisazirudebichu、wujuwushudeniantou,jinxingziyoubianhua、duoyangzuhe。zhengshiyinweitaocihuihuafuhaozuhecunzaiduoyangxingdetexing,caijidadecujinletaocichuangzuo、taocisheji、taocichuangyidejinyibufazhan,rangxiandaitaocihuihuadefazhanbaihuaqifang、chaziyanhong。zhiyoudangtaocihuihuafuhaochuyuyizhongziyou、huoyue、lingdongdezhuangtai,taocideqiwuzaoxing、yousetedian、xingshigongyi、tuanxingzhuangdengcainenggoushixianbutongchengdudeyouhuazuhe,cainengrangtaocihuihuayishuchengxianchuwuxiandekeneng,cujintaociyishudejiankangkechixufazhan。

  4、陶瓷绘画符号的渐变性

  taocihuihuafuhaosuiranjuyouxiangduidewendingxing,danshizheizhongwendingxingbingbushiyichengbubiande,tazhishizaiyidingdeshikonghuanjingzhongcunzaiwendingxing,taocihuihuafuhaohuisuizherenmenshenghuoxuqiudegaibian,renmenshenmeixinlidefazhanerchengxianchuyidingdejianbianxing,taocihuihuafuhaohuisuizheshehuidefazhanjinchengerfashenggaibian。zaitaocifazhanshishang,taocihuihuafuhaojinglilecongjuxiangdaochouxiang、congxieshidaoxieyideguochengzhuanbian,jutilaishuozheizhongzhuanbiantixianzaitaocihuihuafuhaodebiaoyifangmian。liruwuyazheiyifuhao,zaiyangshaowenhuadecaitaoshangwuyabeishiweishenniao,takeyiganzhitianyi、yucexiongji,shiyizhongxiangrui;zaitangchaonianjian,wuyabeidangzuoshiyizhongxiaoniao,yinweiwuyadongdefanbu,beishiweishiyizhongxiaojingfumu、zinvyouxiaoxindebiaoxian,gengyoushiciyinsong“wuniaosiqing、yuanqizhongyang”;daoxiandai,wuyachunheidexingxiang、qilidejiaosheng,wangwangrangrenlianxiangdaosiwang,chengweileyizhonghuiqi、bujilidedaimingci。

  5、陶瓷绘画符号的综合性

  taocihuihuafuhaodezonghexingzhuyaotixianzaiguanzhederenzhicengmian,taocihuihuafuhaobujinnenggourangguanzhechanshengshijueganshou,haikeyirangguanzhepengchu、lingting,taocihuihuafuhaoshuyusanweideganguanfuhao。shouxian,taocihuihuafuhaoshishijuefuhao,guanzhekeyizhijietongguodeguanshang,pinweitaocizaoxingdeliuchang、wenshideyoumei,yousedetouliang、fuhaodexiuli,kantaocidezhengtizaoxingshifoujuyouxingshimeigan,kantaocidehuamianshifouzaigoutu、secai、xingxiangfangmianshifouxianghuhuying,shiyidedang;qici,taocihuihuafuhaoshichujuefuhao,guanzhezaijinxingtaociyishuxinshangshi,keyitongguofumotaocihuihuadewenshilaijinyibudelejietadezhizuogongyi,ganjuetaocizuopindehouzhonggan;zuihou,taocihuihuafuhaoshitingjuefuhao,butongdetaociqiminqiaojiqilaihuiyoufachubutongdeshengyin,youdeqingcui、youdediya,zheizaitaocileqizhongdebiaoxianzuiweimingxian,tongshitaohecidequbie,yekeyitongguoqingweideqiaojilaijinxingfenbian。

  三、绘画符号在羊舞岭窑陶瓷绘画中的运用探究

  1、绘画符号是对现实事物的概括和提炼

  yifuhaodetaocihuihuazuopinbingbushiyizhaosuohuishiwudequanmian,duiqijinxingfenhaobuchadehuizhi,jiusuanshiyixiexieshixinghengaodehuihuafuhao,yeshiyishujiazaizixikaolianghou,anzhaohelidegoutuzuhe,duishiwuyuanxingjinxingdehaiyuanzaichuangzao。yifuhaodetaocihuihuazuopin,yidinghuiyouyigeqianglie、zhuarenyanqiudehuihuafuhaozuoweibiaoxian,huihuafuhaodexingcheng,shiyishujiazaijingguoshensishulvzhihou,duisuohuineirongdegaikuotilian,huihuafuhaochengzaizheyishujiadeqinggan,ningjuzheyishujiadezhihui,shiduyiwuer、jushiwushuangdeyuyanbiaoda。

  jiazhuheyezhu,suidoushuyutongzongtongyuan,danshizaihuihuafuhaodegouchengzhongqueyoubutongdebiaoxian。《zhunianjixiang》、《zhushidaji》shibizhejinnianweiyingjiejihaizhuniansuozuodefangguxuanzhicibanhua。zhuzaitaocihuihuazhongdexingxiangyizhishiwenshun、yuanmandedaimingci。jiazhuhan,yezhulie,liangzhedexingtaigeyi、zitaiwanqian。《zhunianjixiang》zhongyizhimuzhushenhougenzheliangzhixiaozhu,zhudexiantiaoyuanrun,xixiaodesizhi,chengzaizhefeizhuangdeshenti,xiandehantaikeju、airankeqin。suiranhuadeshizhu,danshizhiyongzuxiantiaojiandangouhuachujiazhudelunkuo,bingweizaijiazhudeshenshangjinxingshentijiegoudejutigouhua,ershiliyongyixilieyixiangtuxingjinxingtianbu。zaijiazhuwanzhengdeshentilunkuozhongchongchizheyu、shui、he、fodengbutongdeyixiangtuan,taxiangzhengzhezuozheduiyuzhouwanwudesikao,yunhanzheshenkedezheli,shanyaozhefoxingdeguangmang。

《猪年吉祥》

满堂彩  yu《zhunianjixiang》zhongdejiazhubutong,《zhushidaji》zhongdeyezhu,xiantiaolinlie,dujufengmang,piaoyangdebinmao,jichidesizhi,rangguanzhenenggougandaoyizhongpumianerlaidesudugan。tongyangdezai《zhushidaji》zhong,zuozheyemeiyouduiyezhudejutishenxingzuoxizhidebiaoxian,ershiliyongbutongdesecaikuaimianzuhehedadexiantiaohongtuo,biaoxianyezhudelilianggan,yingzaochubutongdekongjiancengci。huamiansediaohexie,lengnuanxiediao、nongdanxiangyi,youduibi、youqifu,pinweiqilairaoyouxingwei。

  liangfucibanhuazhongdehuihuafuhao“zhu”,doushiduixianshishiwudegaikuohetilian,tamenjidaibiaozhejiazhuheyezhudexianshixingxiang,yougeziyoubutongdeyuyihebiaoda。

《诸事大吉》

  2、绘画符号是直觉感官的产物,以形写神

满堂彩  “yixingxieshen”chuzidongjindejiechuhuajiagukaizhi,gukaizhiqiangdiaoyishujiazaiduikeguanxianshijinxingmiaohuishi,bujinyaozhuiqiuwaizaidexingsi,gengzhongyaodeshiyaozhuiqiuneizaijingshenpinzhideshensi。taocihuihuafuhaoshiyishujiazhijueganguandechanwu,zhijuezhideshiyizhongbuyirenleiyizhiweizhuanyideteshusiweifangshi,xuduoyouxiutaocihuihuazuopindechansheng,doushiyinweiyishujiajubeichangrenmeiyoudeminruidu,tamendezhijuetiancheng,shishangtianewaideenci。rendeganguanshiyushengjulai、hunrantianchengde,butongdeganguanganshou,keyibangzhumantangcaigenghaoderenshishijie、ganwushijie。renmenzaijiechudaoyigexinxianshiwushisuochanshengdezhuguanganshoushiyinreneryide,zaijinxingshiwuhuihuashi,shiwudepinxiang、weidaodengdouhuijichuangzuozheyibutongdehuihuaganshou,zuizhonghuichengxianchubutongdehuihuaxiaoguo。zaijinxingrenwuhuihuashi,renwudeshengyin、juzhidenghuijichuangzuozheliuxiabutongdexinggeyinxiang,yehuiduizuihoudehuihuaxiaoguochanshengbutongchengdudeyingxiang。zenyangduizheixiezhijueganguanzheixieyouhuazuhe、helitilianshichuangzuoyifuhuihuazuopindezhongnandian。

满堂彩  bizheziyoushengzaidongtinghupan,dongtinghudeshanshuifengguang、renwenjingguanjinshouyandi,dongtinghupandezhushikuailede、ziyoude,tamenqinjinziran、xinggebenfang。《kuailedezhu》he《miaoquzaiye》shibizhejihainiandexinzuo,huazhongdezhudouzhishenyucaocongzhong,tamenzaixixi、benpao。huamianyixingxieshen,guanzhekeyitongguoduicibanhuadexinshang,ganshoudaozhudekuaile、yexing。《kuailedezhu》goutuyimosejuduo,zhumamadaizhezijidehaizizaicaocongzhongwanshua,ganshouchunguang,tamendeshenbianbeishizilinweirao,xiangzhengzhenianniansuisui、shishiruyi、duoziduofu。《miaoquzaiye》goutuyiqinglvsejuduo,yezhushenshangdelvsezongmaohezhouweidelvsehuluxiangdeyizhang,zhudeshenshangdazhebaisedeweibu,yongzhusedeyinjikehuazheyigefuzi,yuyizhefuzhitalai。erhuluyiweifulu,daibiaozhejiatingxingfu、shiyexingwang。

《快乐的猪》
《妙趣在野》

  3、绘画符号产生对事物的联想,迁想妙得

满堂彩  taocihuihuafuhaochanshengyuyishujiashiwudelianxiang,zhengsuoweiqianxiangmiaode。“qianxiangmiaode”yishidongjinminghuajiagukaizhitichudehuihuazhuzhang,taqiangdiaotongguoxiangxianghuodezuizhongdechuangzuolinggan,tatongguoyishujiayixiliedeqingganhuodongyushenmeiguanzhao,rangkeguanzhiwurongheweichuanshen、wanmeideyishuxingxiang。genjuxiandaixinlixuedeyanjiufenxibiaoming,guanzhezaijinxingtaocihuihuaxinshangshi,buhuijinjindanchundetingliuzaitaocidewuzhitezhengheshiyonggongnengfangmian,tamenhuiduitaocihuihuazuopinbeihousuoyunhan、zhangyangdejingshenneihanhechouxiangmeixueyinsujinxingshenrudetansuo,zuizhongxingchengduitaocihuihuadexingquyurentong。

满堂彩  《chufenghanyun》、《dongtingnvshen》jiushibizheyishengwuhuoshiyuleiweifuhao,yihanhuabiaoxianxingshiweilinggan,jinxingdegaowenyaobianyouhuizhi。zheiliangfudoushihuojiangzuopin,cipan《chufenghanyun》ronghuo“di53jiequanguogongyipinjiaoyihuiji2018nianjinfenghuangchuangxinchanpinshejidasai”jinjiang;《dongtingnvshen》ronghuo“baihuabei”zhongguogongyimeishujinjiang。liangzhesuirandoushiyiyuangushengwuhuoshiyuleiweifuhao,danshizaijutidebiaoxianshang,quecaiyonglexiandaihuadebiaoxianshoufa。《chufenghanyun》dezhusediaoyimosehejinseweizhu,shijuechenyuwenzhong,yuleihuashizhiyubaipanzhizhong,xiandeduomusuya,yudeshentizhonganzangxuanji,yinyuetouluchubanzhangsiren、sifodemiankong,jijushijuechongjili。《dongtingnvshen》zhongshiyiweiyuangunvshenheshengwuhuoshiyudejiehe,yongsecaiyongdezuizhipode“shise”,guanshangshifangfonenggoukandaojuyuqishangdecangcangshiban,qinglandesediaojirenyimenghuangan,fangfozhishendongtingheshennvyitongaoyoutianji,daiyoumingxiandelangmanzhuyiqixi,zhangyangzhepengpaideshengmingli。

《楚风汉韵》
《洞庭女神》

  结语

  zongshangsuoshu,bunankanchubutongdehuihuafuhaozaitaocihuihuazuopinzhongqizhejieranbutongdezuoyong,duiyuhuihuafuhaodexuanzeyaoyinshizhiyi、yinshilidao,yaobimianduihuihuafuhaojinxinghuashetianzu、nongqiaochengzhuodexiugai,qiewugucishibi、zuozhiyouchu。huihuafuhaoyinggaishiyishujiagenjuhuamianchuandadexinxiyuqinggan,jinxingdeyouhua、xuanze、zaichuangzao,zhiyouzheiyangdehuihuafuhaocainengyuhuamiandezhutibiaodaxiangdeyizhang、zhulianbihe,chanshengjinshangtianhua、ruhutianyideyishuxiaoguo,zuizhongrangyishuzuopindeganranlidedaoxianzhuzengqiang。

  参考文献

  [1]zhangyi,weiying。qiantanzhongguotaociyishudechuanchengyufazhan[j]。jiangsutaoci,2019,52(01): 3+7.

满堂彩  [2]suzhiqiang。mianxiangdazhongshenghuomantangcaidetaociyishuyanjiu[j].zhongguominzubolan,2019(02): 18-19.

  [3]chenling。taociyishuchuangzuozhongdeshengxiaoticaitantao[j]。meishujiaoyuyanjiu,2018(24): 35.

  [4]yangguang。xiandaitaocizhuangshizhongdeliubaiyishutanjiu[j].zhongguotaoci,2018,54(12): 86-89.

  [5]huqiang.zhongguochuantongtaocizhuangshideyishuxingqiantan[j]。taocixuebao,2018,39(05): 624-627.

满堂彩  [6]fengwen。qiantantaociyishudongwuhuadejifahechuangzuo[j]。jingdezhentaoci,2018(05): 35-36.

满堂彩  [7]yuanlehui,qixia,lixinghua。jixiangwenhuayujingdezhentaociyishutushi[j]。taocixuebao,2015,36(01): 103-106.

满堂彩  [8]shaozhangzong.zhongguominjianyishuxingshiduitaociyishudeyingxiangtansuo[j]。dazhongwenyi,2014(22): 36.

【编辑: 黄诗立】
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