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关于非物质文化遗产的活态传承
作者: 史一墨 发布时间: 2019年09月22日 08:51
作者: 史一墨 2019年09月22日 08:51

  摘要: 满堂彩在中国五千年的历史长河中,中国人民努力奋斗、继往开来,用自己的勤劳智慧、聪明才干创造了极为丰富、不可胜数的非物质文化遗传。对现代人来说非物质文化遗产既是民族的宝藏,更是文化的瑰宝,满堂彩要对其进行有效的保护和传承。在非遗的保护和传承方面,满堂彩国的非遗传承人、学科专家、普通民众等万众一心不断探索前行,取得了极为喜人的成绩。本文从现阶段非遗保护的主要形式入手,对非物质文化遗产的活态传承进行了分析和论述,希望能够给相关的工作人员以参考启示,推动满堂彩国非物质文化遗产活态传承的进一步发展。

  关键词: 非物质文化遗产;活态传承;创新

  zhongguoshiyigetongyideduominzuguojia,gezurenminzaizhongguoguangmao、fanshengdedadishangshengcun、fanyan,zhongguodelishiyoujiu,zhonghuawenhuajiqiannianyanmian,lijiumixin,zhongguodeminzuwenhuajuyoujiqiangdedongfangtezheng,shishanyaozaishijiedongfangdecuicanzhizhu。feiwuzhiwenhuayichanshiqianrenliujimantangcaidebaoguicaifu,mantangcaiyaoduiqijinxingjinyibudebaohuhechuancheng,rangqizaixinshidaihuanfaxinguangcai。muqianmantangcaiguoyijingjianliqixiangduiwanshandefeiyichuanchengbaohujizhi,qiangdiaozaibaohuweizhu、qiangjiudiyidejichushang,jinxingfeiyiwenhuadeheliliyong、chuanchengfazhan。suizheshijiandeliuzhuan、xiaoshi、dangdaidefeiyiwenhuagengxiangshiyiweiburumaodiezhiniandelaozhe,tazhengzaimanmanshiqushengji,jixushuruxindexueye,wanchengpojianchengdiebanzhongsheng。

  一、现阶段非遗保护的主要形式

满堂彩  suizheshidaidefazhan,renmenduifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanderenshilijie、shiyongguannianzhengzaifashengrixinyueyidegaibian,renmenkaishizhujianzhongshifeiwuzhiwenhuayichandeshidaichuanchengheshijiyingyong,duiqianzangzaifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanbeihoudeqiangdafujiajiazhibiaoxianchurenke、zantong。ruherangfeiwuzhiwenhuayichanguweijinyong?ruherangchuantongwenhuadeyuansuyushichangjingjidefazhanhuzhuhuli?ruheyongfeiyiwenhuamantangcaidazhong、fengxianshehui?shibaizaimeiyiweifeiyichuanchengrenmianqianjidaijiejuedewenti。duiyufeiyichuanchengrenlaishuo,jiaqiangduifeiyidebaohuhechuancheng,jishizeren,gengshishiming。xianjieduanmantangcaiguodefeiyibaohuzhuyaoyouyixialiangzhongxingshi:

  1、静态记录的保护与收藏

满堂彩  feiyiwenhuadejingtaijiluzhideshiduixianyoudefeiyiwenhuaziliao、neirong、shiwudengjinxingyuanshishujudeshouji,jinxingyuanshiqiwudeshouzang。quanguogedidebowuguanshifeiyijingtaijiludezhuyaochangsuo,tanenggouduibutongleixing、butongtese、butongliupaidefeiyiwenhuaqiwujinxingxiangyingdebaohu、shouzang、zhanshi,bowuguanshigoutongdazhongyufeiyiwenhuadezhongyaomeijie,renmenkeyitongguoduibowuguanneibuqiwudejieshao、guanmo,laijiashenduifeiyineirongdelejie,zengqiangminzuzihaogan;zhuanjiaxuezhe、feiyichuanchengrenkeyitongguoduibowuguanneiqiwuhewenjiandeyandu、xuexi,laishixianduifeiyiwenhuayuanshishujudeshouji,bianyuqizhankaixiangyingdeyanjiuhechuancheng。

  2、活态保护的开发与传承

满堂彩  feiyiwenhuadehuotaibaohuzhideshizaiduixianyoudefeiyiwenhuaneirongjinxingbaohudeguochengzhong,jiadaduiqifudaijingjijiazhidewajue,shixianfeiyiwenhuaneirongdebiange,jiakuaifeiyiwenhuadechanyehuamantangcai,zaibaohuchuanchengdetongshichuangxinchuangzao。xiangguandefeiyichuanchengrenyaobuduanfahuijijixing、nengdongxing,jifeiyiwenhuazhuangdianshangmeilidewaiyi,rangqizaigengguangkuo、gengkaifangdewutaiqiwufeiyang。feiyiwenhuadehuotaichuanchengshiyigeyifeiyichuanchengrenweihexinnengliang,jinxingdefeiyiwenhuadechanyehuafazhanmoshi,qimudeshiweileshixianzhishichanquandekaifazaichuangzao,tashibafeiyiwenhuatuiguangjidazhongdezhongyaoshouduan,keyijinyibutishengfeiyiwenhuadechuanbolidu,rangfeiyiwenhuadeqianzangjiazhidedaoyouxiaodewajue、liyong。

  二、非物质文化遗产的活态传承

  1、保留最古朴、自然的非遗文化

满堂彩  zaifeiwuzhiwenhuadeyichandehuotaichuanchengzhongyinggaibaoliuzuigupo、zuizirandefeiyiwenhua,rangfeiyiwenhuadedaoyouxudechuanchengheyouxiaodetuiguang,rangfeiyiwenhuadechuanchengbaoyouqigaiyoudegaozitai,yizhaolishiliubiandeguilvheshidaifazhandeguijijinxingfeiyiwenhuadewenmaiyanxu,rangfeiyiwenhuazaixiangduiwendingdehuanjingxiadedaoyouxuchuancheng。shouxian,zhengfuyaojiadaduifeiyiwenhuadexuanchuanlidu,tigaogongzhongduifeiyiwenhuadelejie,zhiyouchongfenlejierenshidaofeiyiwenhuadezhongyaoxing,cainenggoushixianduifeiyiwenhuadeyouxiaobaohu。yindaogongzhongjijizhudongdecanyudaofeiyiwenhuadebaohuzhong,ranggongzhongjiangfeiyiwenhuadebaohudangzuoshiyizhongzerenheyiwu,shulifeiyiwenhuabaohudezerenganheshiminggan;qici,zhengfuyaojiadaduifeiyichuanchengrendebaohuhepeiyang,jifeiyichuanchengrenyingzaojianquan、lianghaodeshengcunhuanjing,weifeiyiwenhuadefazhantigongzhuli,rangfengfuduocaidefeiyixiangmudedaoyouxudechuancheng、youlidechuangxin;zaici,feiyichuanchengrenyaochengdanqifeiyiwenhuadechuanchengzeren,chongfenfahuizijidecongmingcaizhi,weifeiyiwenhuazaixiandaishehuidezaicihuanfatouzhuxinli。duifeiyiwenhuadegongyi、menlei、jiyi、gongjudengjinxingkexuedegaishanhexiuzheng,fuyufeiyiwenhuayixindeshidaineihan,rangqishunyingshidaidefazhanhuodegengweizhangzudefazhan,zuidachengdudebaohufeiyiwenhuajiyidebenzhenxing,jinyibujinxingyouxiuchuantongwenhuadehongyang,lizuzhonghuaminzujingshendeneihan,jiangfeiyichuanchengluodaoshichu。

  2、进行非遗文化传承的时代创新

  feiwuzhiwenhuayichandehuotaichuancheng,qihexinzaiyuyige“huo”,ruhepanhuofeiyiwenhua?ruherangfeiyiwenhuashixianzaishidaidepojianchengdie、yuhuozhongsheng?shibaizaimeiyigefeiyichuanchengrenmianqianjidaijiejuedewenti。taoyizuoweichuantongjiyileidefeiyixiangmu,qineihanshiyizhongdaidaixiangchuan、shishibuxidezhongyao“shengchanli”。tajuyouyidingdeshiyongxinghexiangduimingquedeshengchanmude,huotigongjirenmenzhijieshiyong,huozhebaifangzaizhanguanneigongrenmenxinshang。taoyizhiyouzaishengshengbuxidedongtaishengchanliantiaozhongcainengdedaoyouxudebaohuhechuancheng。taoyishirenleichuangzaoli、xiangxianglidezhongyaozaiti,taoyideqixing、huawenjiaoduolaiyuanyurenmenderichangshenghuo,tajuyouqiangdadeshiyongjiazhi,erzheixunhuanwangfudeshiyongjiazhizhengshitaoyizhankaishengmingyundongdeliliangyuanquan。

  zaiduiyangwulingyaojinxingfeiyiwenhuabaohudeguochengzhong,feiyichuanchengrenyaojianchizunzhongchuantong、lizudangxiadeyuanze,tongguotaoyishouduandechuangxin、youhua,jiangyangwulingyaodechuantongjiyi,dairudaoxiandairenmendeshenghuozhong,rangfeiyiwenhuazoujinqianjiawanhu,rangyangwulingyaojingshizhiyongdeshengchannenglidedaozuidachengdudefahui,rangshengchanxingbaohudemubiaodeyiyouxiaoshixian,rangyangwulingyaozaichuanchengfazhandeguochengzhongchuangzaogengduodeshehuicaifu。zhiyourangfeiyiwenhuazuohaoxiangyingdeshehuimantangcaigongzuo,rangfeiyiwenhuarongrurenmenderichangshenghuo,cainengrangfeiyiwenhuahuodegengweichijiudeshengmingli,rangyangwulingyaodeyaohuochuanchengbainian,rangyangwulingyaohuoqilai、chuanxiaqu。

满堂彩  weilegenghaodeshixianduiyangwulingyaodetuiguang、chuancheng,yangwulingyaofeiyichuanchengrenjiaqianglefeiyiwenhuayuxuexiaojiaoyudeyouxiaojiehe,lianheyiyangdehunanchengshixueyuanchenglilefeiyiyangwulingyaotaocijiyichuanxisuo,jiaqiangleduixueshengdefeiyiwenhuajiaoyu,jishimintigongleqinshenganshoutaocizhizuoliuchengdejihui,rangyangwulingfeiyiwenhuadechuanchengbiandeqieshikexing,tuokuanlefeiyiwenhuadechuanchengsilu。yangwulingyaodefeiyichuanchengrencongfazhandingwei、chanpinchuangxin、zaoxingsheji、jiyitupodengduogefangmianduiyangwulingyaotaocijiyidefazhanzhurulexinli,shouhuolejiweixirendechengxiao。cipan《chufenghanyun》ronghuo“di53jiequanguogongyipinjiaoyihuiji2018nianjinfenghuangchuangxinchanpinshejidasai”jinjiang;《dongtingnvshen》ronghuo“baihuabei”zhongguogongyimeishujinjiang。

  结语

  zaifeiwuzhiwenhuayichandehuotaichuanchengzhong,xiangguandefeiyichuanchengrenyaozhudongchengdanqixiangyingdechuanchengzeren,buduanfengfutishengzishendedezhuanyezhishi、wenhuaguannian、gongyijineng,duifeiyiwenhuajinxingxindechangshihechuangzao,jiangfeiyichuantongwenhuadejingsui、jingcui,rongrudaomeiyigeshaozhideqiminzhong,rangfeiyiwenhuazaishenmeineirong、wenmaichuancheng、jiaohuayiyidengcengmiandedaoxiangyingdechuangxinyouhua,rangmeiyigetaociqimindouchengzaiqixiangyingdeminzuwenhuatese,rangfeiyiwenhuazouchuyiwangdekunjing,zouxiangguangmingdeweilai。

  参考文献

  [1]yuanxiaobu。feiwuzhiwenhuayichandehuotaichuanchenglujingtansuo[j]。dazhongwenyi,2018(24): 3-4.

  [2]qizhenlun。minjianmeishufeiwuzhiwenhuayichanchuanchengyuhuotaibaohutanjiu[j]。heihexueyuanxuebao,2018,9(10): 187-188.

  [3]zhangzhiyan。feiwuzhiwenhuayichanshiyuxiaminjianmeishudehuotaichuanchengyanjiu[j]。wenhuachuangxinbijiaoyanjiu,2018,2(25): 46-47.

  [4]renxuejing。feiwuzhiwenhuayichanhuotaichuanchengcelveyanjiu[j]。chanyeyukejiluntan,2017,16(22): 249-250.

满堂彩  [5]qiaimin,cengyucheng。feiwuzhiwenhuayichanchuanchengxuexiaohuotaibaohuzhiduyanjiu[j]。chuangxin,2017,11(01): 99-108.

【编辑: 高峰】
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